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Full text of "My Country And My People"

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Helped by the extraterritorial rights and the generous use
of European boots against Chinese coolies, for which there is
no legal redress, the loss of pride became an instinctive fear of
the foreigner. The old celestial pride is now no more. The
hullabaloo raised by foreign merchants against possible Chinese
attacks on the settlements is only a negative testimony of their
courage and of their knowledge of modern China. Some
inward indignation against those European boots and their
liberal use against Chinese coolies there must always be, but if
the foreigner thinks that the Chinese will ever show their
indignation by reprisal with inferior leather boots, he is
grossly mistaken. If they did, they would not be Chinese, but
Christians. Practically speaking, admiration for the Europeans
and fear of their aggressiveness are now universal.

Some such bad shock must have been responsible for the
ultra-radicalism that brought about the Republic of China.
No one could think China would become a republic. It was a
change so vast and gigantic that it could appeal to none except
the idiotic or the inspired.  It was like building a bridge of
rainbow across to heaven and then walking on it.   But the
Chinese revolutionists of 1911 were inspired. Following upon
the Chinese defeat in the Sino-Japanese War of 1895, there
was an active propaganda for modernization of China. There
were two schools, the constitutionalists who stood for a modern-
ized limited monarchy, and the revolutionists who were for a
republic. The left wing was led by Sun Yatsen, while the right
wing was led by K'ang Yuwei, and his disciple Liang Ch'ich'ao,
who later forsook his master and turned left. For a long time,
the adherents of these parties were fighting literary battles in
Japan, but the question was finally settled, not by any argu-
ment but by the apparent hopelessness   of  the   Manchu
regime and by the intrinsic appeal to facial pride.   The
political radicalism of 1911 was followed by the literary radical-
ism of 19163 when the Chinese Renaissance movement was
started by Hu Shih, and succeeded by the ideological radical-
ism of 1926, with the result that Communism is to-day colour-
ing the thought of practically all primary schoolteachers of
the country.
The consequence is that, to-day, China is divided into two